Sprained Ankle: What are its causes and Treatments?

Sprained Ankle: What are its causes and Treatments?

What is Sprain?

A sprain is an injury to the ligament. When a strain occurs, one or more ligaments are torn or stretched.

What is Ankle Sprain?

If the ligaments of the ankle, which connect the joints of feet and calf are torn or stretched, due to an injury, called ankle sprain. This can happen due to the unnatural twisting motion of foot when planted awkwardly. An ankle sprain can also be the result of a brutal force applied to the ankle and foot.

These type of injuries to the joints and ligaments are common during athletic events, and while running, or walking. Ankle Injury can be brutal, and might disturb your life and can prevent you from performing your daily tasks.

Causes of Ankle Sprain

The tissues which connect the joints, or simply ligaments, provide the connection between bones of the ankle. When these tissues or ligaments are injured, the motion of the ankle is reduced. The primary cause of the ankle sprain is when your foot turns inverted or inward. These injuries can happen in:

  • A fall that causes the ankle twist
  • Landing brutally on your foot while jumping
  • Walking on an uneven exercise

Symptoms of Ankle Sprain

An ankle injury can be of different types. But in an ankle sprain, inflammation and fracture might occur. Blood vessels might become leaky and can allow fluid to ooze into the soft tissues.

However, the signs and symptoms of a sprained ankle can vary from person to person, depending on the severity of the injury.

  • Swelling
  • Bruising
  • Instability in the ankle
  • Popping sensation
  • Tenderness on touching ankle
  • its Pain when you put weight on foot

Ankle Sprained Treatment

Before starting the treatment of sprain, doctors make sure that haven’t this injury damaged your nerves of the foot.

  • The doctors can move your foot to check that which bone and area is damaged
  • X-rays might be needed to check the fracture and injury to the bones

Home Treatment


Rest – You need to take rest to prevent further injuries and avoid stress. Working with injured ankle can increase the damage and can cause long-term side effects

Ice – Ice is the best home treatment. This will concentrate on the increased blood flow to the affected area. It will reduce swelling and redness.

Compression – This technique can help to reduce the swelling. Compression wraps never provide effective support to the ankle. However, you can use special braces for ankle, to reduce the swelling.

Elevation – Keeping the injured area above the heart level can help your body to absorb the fluids that have leaked into the tissues.

Medical Treatment

In medical treatment, the first

  step is to reduce the pain. You can use Opioid to minimize the pain. You can buy codeine online for pain treatment. These medications produce the calming effects in the body and relax your stretched muscles.

Although, reduce the pain in the damaged area is the primary step to start the treatment. If your pain is controllable, then the doctor begins the next procedure.


Once the pain is reduced in your damaged are, the doctor can recommend a series of exercises and workout to resume the movement of your joint. The therapist will begin some exercise to increase flexibility and stability and strength.


In complex or worse cases, surgery is needed when the ankle remains unstable after a long period of physical therapy. Surgery might be needed to repair the torn ligaments that won’t heal on its own.

Risk Factors

Risk factors are those which can increase the risk of getting injured, which can include:

  • Uneven Surface – When you walk or run on a rough surface, the risk of ankle sprain is increased
  • Prior ankle injury – Once you have sprained your ankle, chances are high you are more likely to sprain it again
  • Poor physical condition – Poor flexibility in the ankle may increase the risk of sprain
  • Improper Shoes – shoes that not fit properly, or not of your foot size, aren’t appropriate for activities
  • Sports participation – This injury is common in sportsperson. Sports like football, tennis, soccer, basketball have a high risk of ankle sprain.


Tips described below can help you to prevent ankle sprain injury:

  • Proper warm-up before exercise can minimize the risk of any injury
  • Be careful, when running on an uneven surface
  • Minimize wearing high heels shoes
  • Maintain good strength and flexibility
  • Wear shoes according to your foot shape and size
  • Use ankle support brace

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